Agriculture has been the dominant sector in the Indian economy accounting for 18% in the GDP and 60% of the population is employed in agriculture.
In the 1950’s productivity in
The realization that food security was of paramount importance led to the implementation of the Green Revolution in
Yield per unit of farmland also increased substantially. The crop areas required more water, pesticides fungicides and other chemicals and led to the growth of the manufacturing sector which created more jobs and helped the country’s GDP.
However, even today
The high yield system calls for prolonged use of fertilizers and pesticides which have depleted the soil and poisoned the environment. The farmers of states that under the Green Revolution grew bumper crops are now facing heavy debts. They are facing many obstacles such as lack of bank credit, fertilizer adulteration and inferior quality seeds.
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in 2005 promised rural